Glockenspiel (orchestra bells)
French: jeu de timbres, carillon
The name glockenspiel is German and means "bell play"; it refers to the sound of small bells. The very first instruments to carry this name did indeed consist of a set of small bells which were played either by a group of musicians or struck by means of a complicated mechanism. At the end of the 17th century steel bars began to replace the bells. Initially only a substitute for real bells, this arrangement of metal bars soon developed into a musical instrument in its own right and retained the name "glockenspiel".
Like the xylophone, the glockenspiel is also a great favorite with children. Carl Orff used it from the 1930s for his Method. Children's instruments have a smaller range, are tuned diatonically and have bars resting over a frame like a trough. They are made in various ranges. Lower-pitched glockenspiels have short resonators and are generally known as metallophones.
Idiophone, metallophone, percussion instrument with definite pitch, mallet instrument
Width: 2.5–3.1 cm
Thickness: 0.5–1 cm
Dimensions: approx. 76 x 36–46 cm
Height: 5–8 cm
Stand – The “open glockenspiel”
Metal stand; height is adjustable (81–94 cm), usually on wheels. The stand of the open glockenspiel is partly enclosed in the case. The table glockenspiel is placed on a table.
The case acts as the soundbox (resonator)
Glockenspiels on a stand usually have a damper pedal, table glockenspiels do not.
Equal temperament, the tuning tone is generally 442 hertz